Order Passeriformes

Family Cardinalidae

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Previously included in a much broader Emberizidae (see page 776). Limits and composition redrawn in recent years, based on extensive molecular work#R#R. As compared to HBW: Granatellus is imported from Parulidae, Amaurospiza from Passerellidae (part of Emberizidae in HBW), and Habia (now including Chlorothraupis) and Piranga from Thraupidae; at the same time, Saltator and Parkerthraustes have been removed to Thraupidae.

  • 11-24 cm.
  • 11 genera, 52 species, 155 taxa.
  • 1 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Orenstein, R. & Bonan, A. (2017). Cardinals (Cardinalidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52382 on 29 March 2017).