Order Passeriformes

Family Polioptilidae

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  • Very small insectivores with slender pointed bill and long graduated tail usually tipped or edged white; plumage predominantly greyish, most species with some black on head of breeding male; three species have very long, slender bill, brownish-greyish plumage, and shortish cocked tail.
  • North, Middle and South America.
  • Temperate, tropical and semi-arid forest and woodland, and arid scrub.
  • 9-13 cm.
  • 3 genera, 17 species, 70 taxa.
  • 1 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Atwood, J. & Lerman, S. (2017). Gnatcatchers (Polioptilidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52321 on 27 March 2017).