Order Caprimulgiformes

Family Caprimulgidae

Nightjars
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General
  • Small to large nocturnal birds, with variegated plumage, large mouth, long wings and tail, and short legs.
  • Cosmopolitan, although absent from polar regions.
  • Desert, grassland and open wooded country to forest, from sea-level up to 4200 m.
  • 15-40 cm.
  • 20 genera, 100 species, 243 taxa.
  • 13 species threatened;
    none definitely extinct since 1600.