Order Passeriformes

Family Sittidae

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  • Small to medium-sized arboreal passerines with short tail, short rounded wings, and medium-long dagger-like bill; plumage grey or bluish above, with blackish eyestripe, and whitish with variable buff, chestnut or lilac below.
  • Palearctic and Oriental Regions, with four species in Nearctic Region.
  • Forest, woodland, parks and gardens; two species in bare rocky areas, cliffs, ravines and gorges.
  • 10-19 cm.
  • 1 genus, 27 species, 92 taxa.
  • 8 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Harrap, S. & Bonan, A. (2013). Nuthatches (Sittidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2013). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52341 on 26 November 2015).