Order Psittaciformes

Family Psittacidae

Parrots
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General

Recent reappraisal of higher taxonomy of parrots#R proposed arrangement into three superfamilies, here treated as families (Strigopidae, Cacatuidae, Psittacidae); same study split Psittacidae, as here defined, into three families, with additional recognition of Psittrichasidae (Psittrichas to Coracopsis, below) and Psittaculidae (Psephotus to Micropsitta, below); in present work, separation of these families considered to require further study and perhaps additional support. In the past, present family was often split into two, with recognition of family Loriidae; at the other extreme, it was sometimes considered to include all Psittaciformes.

  • Stocky, large-headed birds with powerful, short, curved, articulated bill, highly developed tongue and jaw musculature, and short legs; plumage exuberantly colourful in many species.
  • Neotropical, Afrotropical, Oriental and Australasian, but only marginal in Nearctic and Palearctic; greatest diversity in tropics.
  • Mainly forest; also woodland and savanna, with a few species in open areas.
  • 8-100 cm.
  • 79 genera, 374 species, 724 taxa.
  • 102 species threatened;
    almost certainly 2 of these, as well as at least 9 more species and 8 subspecies, extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2017). Parrots (Psittacidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52256 on 18 October 2017).