Order Piciformes

Family Picidae

Woodpeckers
Only subscribers have complete access to the families of the HBW Alive. To make the most of all of HBW's features, discover our subscriptions now!
HBW Alive Plans & Pricing  Why subscribe

Vertical Tabs

General
  • Small to rather large birds with straight medium-length bill, short legs with four long toes, some species with only three toes; tail of most long, with strong central feathers; long tongue with barbed tip.
  • Holarctic, Neotropical, Afrotropical and Oriental.
  • Forest, woodland and grassland, from cold temperate zone to tropics.
  • 7-60 cm.
  • 33 genera, 254 species, 689 taxa.
  • 17 species threatened;
    none definitely extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Woodpeckers (Picidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52286 on 29 March 2017).