Family Plovers (Charadriidae)

Vulnerable

Wrybill (Anarhynchus frontalis)


Taxonomy

French: Pluvier anarhynque German: Schiefschnabel Spanish: Chorlitejo piquituerto
Taxonomy:

Anarhynchus frontalis

Quoy and Gaimard

, 1830,

Hauraki Gulf, North Island, New Zealand

.

This species has been linked particularly with Charadrius bicinctus. Monotypic.

Distribution:

New Zealand: breeds in C South I (Canterbury and Otago riverbeds); winters mainly in N North I.

Descriptive notes

20–21 cm; 43–68 g. Rather plump, greyish plover with conspicuous long bill curved to the right; male has black frontal bar and breastband. Female has duller,... read more

Voice

Gives a somewhat Charadrius hiaticula-like “weet” or “peep”, while flocks occasionally... read more

Habitat

Breeds inland on large braided rivers, occupying large bare beds of shingle and sand, with... read more

Food and feeding

During breeding season takes aquatic invertebrates, including flatworms, annelids, gastropods, mites, spiders, and eggs, larvae, pupae and... read more

Breeding

Lays late Aug to late Oct, with second clutch late Oct to late Dec. Monogamous on long-term basis. Solitary; holds vigorously defended... read more

Movements

Migratory. Moves from breeding grounds in C South I to mudflats of estuaries and harbours on N end... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Hunted prior to 1940; after hunting ceased, population increased, but stabilized by early 1960s, with c. 5000 birds. In 1994, total of 5111 birds counted, with c... read more