Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Explore these sample species to better understand the monumental work that lies behind these pages.

Come back often! The sample species are being rotated every month.

Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

Taxonomy:

Falco rusticolus

Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.

Closest to F. cherrug; genetic data indicate that these two, along with F. biarmicus and F. jugger, form a group of closely...

Descriptive notes: 48–60 cm; male 769–1450 g, female 1130–2150 g; wingspan 105–135 cm. The largest Falco, with larger head, deeper chest, relatively short but broad outer wings and longer tail than other large falcons....
figure, drawing, illustration of Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

Taxonomy:

Colymbus auritus

Linnaeus, 1758, Europe and America; restricted to Vaasa, Finland.

Sometimes placed in genus Dytes, although actually closer to P. grisegena and P. cristatus than to other Podiceps. Has...

Descriptive notes: 31–38 cm; 300–470 g. Nominate race in breeding plumage Another close view An adult settling on nest has blackish cap, hindneck and upperparts; upperwing blackish brown to brown-grey, with large white panel over...
figure, drawing, illustration of Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Taxonomy:

Buceros erythrorhynchus

Temminck, 1823, Mora, Cameroon.

Closest to T. monteiri, but close also to T. flavirostris, T. leucomelas and T. deckeni (and presumably jacksoni...

Descriptive notes: 35 cm; male 124–185 g, female 90–151 g (nominate), male 182 g, female 148 g (race kempi), male 128 g, female 125 g (race ruahae). Small, black-and-white hornbill with spotted wing-coverts, white in outer tail, and long,...
figure, drawing, illustration of Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Taxonomy:

Trochilus rufus

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, Canada.

Closely related to S. sasin (see below). Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 8·5 cm; 2·9–3·9 g. Male has medium-short, straight black bill; crown bronze or bronze-green, remaining upperparts rufous, occasionally with a few green feathers on the back; throat iridescent scarlet-bronze...
figure, drawing, illustration of Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Taxonomy:

Picus imperialis

Gould, 1832, “California” = Jalisco, Mexico.

Closely related to C. principalis. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 56–60 cm. World’s largest woodpecker; huge, with pointed crest. Male has side of crown back to underside of crest and nape red, feathers with white bases; rest of head and neck, also upperparts, underparts and tail, black...
figure, drawing, illustration of Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)