French: Accenteur alpin German: Alpenbraunelle Spanish: Acentor alpino
Kärnten, south Austria
Subspecies and Distribution
P. c. collaris
(Scopoli, 1769) – mountains from SW Europe E to Slovenia and Carpathians, Corsica and NW Africa (Moroccan Atlas, occasionally N Algeria#R).
P. c. subalpina
(C. L. Brehm, 1831) – SE Europe (Croatia E to Bulgaria, S to Greece, including Crete) and SW Turkey.
P. c. montana
(Hablizl, 1783) – N & E Turkey and Caucasus S to Iran and E to Turkmenistan.
P. c. rufilata
(Severtsov, 1879) – Kyrgyzstan E along Tien Shan, and from NE Afghanistan and extreme N Pakistan E along Pamirs to W China (Kunlun Shan).
P. c. erythropygia
(Swinhoe, 1870) – Altai Mts E to SE Russia, S to N & E Mongolia, NE China and N Korea; also Japan (C Honshu).
P. c. whymperi
(E. C. S. Baker, 1915) – W Himalayas (Ladakh E to Kumaon).
P. c. tibetana
(Bianchi, 1904) – E Tibetan Plateau (S from Nan Shan, E to Gansu).
P. c. nipalensis
(Blyth, 1843) – Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, SC China (SE Xizang, SW Sichuan, N Yunnan) and N Myanmar.
P. c. fennelli
Deignan, 1964 – Taiwan.
18 cm; male 40 g and female 36 g (collaris), male 45 g and female 39g (erythropygia), sexes combined c. 30 g (rufilata, whymperi). Large,... read more
Male song, usually from ground (often a prominent rock) but also in flight, loud and musical, a... read more
In breeding season, principally low cliffs, screes, rocky mountain slopes and alpine meadows above... read more
Food and feeding
Diet largely insects, including orthopterans, beetles (Coleoptera), earwigs (Dermaptera), heteropteran bugs, mayflies (Ephemeroptera),... read more
Breeds May–Aug; double-brooded. Detailed studies in Europe (Pyrenees) and in Japanese Alps. Polygynandrous mating system, 2–5... read more
Resident or altitudinal migrant, on local scale or over considerable distance. Movements in C... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally common. No estimate of global numbers available; European population estimated to be c. 55,000–73,000 “pairs”,... read more
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