Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii)


Taxonomy

French: Engoulevent piramidig German: Antillennachtschwalbe Spanish: Añapero querequeté
Taxonomy:

Chordeiles gundlachii

Lawrence

, 1856,

Cuba

.

Formerly considered conspecific with C. minor, but sympatric in S Florida. N populations (Florida and Bahamas) sometimes separated as race vicinus, supposedly smaller and lacking tawny morph. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Extreme SE USA (S Florida) and Bahamas, Cuba and I of Pines, Cayman Is, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Virgin Is; recently expanded range SE to Guadaloupe#R. Wintering grounds unknown; presumably in N South America.

Descriptive notes

20–23 cm. Sexually dimorphic; two colour morphs, greyish and tawny; at rest, wingtips occasionally do not reach tip of tail. Best separated from the marginally larger... read more

Voice

Territorial/courtship call of male is a repetitive, nasal “chitty-chit”, “penk-... read more

Habitat

Wide variety of open or semi-open arid country, including recently cleared areas, agriculture,... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on moths, beetles and other insects. Forages in flight, hunting high up over forests (10–30 m above the canopy), shorelines,... read more

Breeding

Breeds mid-Apr to mid-Aug in Florida, and Apr–Aug in Bahamas, Cuba, I of Pines, Jamaica, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Territorial,... read more

Movements

Highly migratory, though wintering areas undocumented (generally assumed to be in continental South... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally quite common throughout much of breeding range. In Cuba, extremely common Apr–Aug in open savannas and cane-fields; on Isle of Pines... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/55167 on 26 September 2017).