French: Marouette de Baillon German: Zwergsumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela chica
Dauria, south-eastern Russia
Subspecies and Distribution
Z. p. intermedia
(Hermann, 1804) – Western Baillon’s Crake – Europe E to Asia Minor, and S locally in Morocco, Egypt, Senegambia#R and Ethiopia, then from E DRCongo to C Kenya and S to Angola, Namibia and South Africa, and also Madagascar; European birds winter in Africa.
Z. p. pusilla
(Pallas, 1776) – Eastern Baillon’s Crake – E Europe (R Dnister) E through C & E Asia to Amurland, N China and Japan, S to Iran and N India and irregularly in Sumatra and N Sulawesi; winters in India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, and from S China to Indonesia and Philippines.
Z. p. mira
(Riley, 1938) – Bornean Baillon’s Crake – Borneo.
Z. p. mayri
(Junge, 1952) – W New Guinea (Wissel Lakes).
Z. p. palustris
(Gould, 1843) – Australasian Baillon’s Crake – E New Guinea, Australia and Tasmania.
Z. p. affinis
(G. R. Gray, 1845) – New Zealand and Chatham Is. An old breeding record from New Caledonia (Grande Terre) probably this race#R.
17–19 cm; male 23–45 (35·5) g, female 17–55 (34) g, unsexed 20–52 (33) g; wingspan of intermedia 33–37 cm, of palustris... read more
Advertising call of male a hard, dry rattle (in African birds identical to rattle call of ... read more
Freshwater to saline, permanent to ephemeral palustrine wetlands with dense vegetation and often... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly adult and larval aquatic insects, including Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Odonata, Plecoptera, Phryganeidae (caddisflies) and Culicidae;... read more
Europe, May–Jul; Morocco, May, breeding condition Apr; Egypt (formerly), Apr; Ethiopia, Jul; Tanzania, breeding condition Apr; Malawi... read more
Extent of migrations unclear (map highly conjectural). In Europe, most intermedia move S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Some races rare or poorly known. In W Palearctic, intermedia now regarded as rare and very local, having declined... read more
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