Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum)


French: Pic minium German: Mennigspecht Spanish: Pito miniado

Picus miniaceus


, 1769,

highlands of Java


Species name sometimes misspelt as mineaceus, and in the past miniatus, but original spelling is miniaceus, now with neuter ending to agree with gender of current genus. Proposed race dayak (from Landak, Borneo) inseparable from malaccense. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. m. perlutum (Kloss, 1918) – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and peninsular Thailand.
  • C. m. malaccense (Latham, 1790) – Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra (including Bangka and Belitung) and Borneo.
  • C. m. niasense Büttikofer, 1896 – Nias I (off NW Sumatra).
  • C. m. miniaceum (Pennant, 1769) – Java.
  • Descriptive notes

    23–26 cm; 79–102 g. Male has reddish-brown forehead, dull red crown to nape, thin elongated crest feathers yellow at tips; sides of head and neck dark brown,... read more


    Single “keek”; mournful descending “kwee” or “peew” in series of up to 7, as territorial call; “kwi... read more


    Mainly dense primary (dipterocarp) evergreen forest; also secondary growth, forest edge and open... read more

    Food and feeding

    Ants and their eggs and larvae. Singly or in pairs, unobtrusive; partners may feed close together. Forages at all levels. Searches for food... read more


    Nov–Sept. Both sexes excavate nest-hole, in decayed tree or in dead or rotten part of live tree. Displays include crest-raising,... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common; rather uncommon in N of range; more frequent in S, common in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore; rare in Java.

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 June 2017).