French: Pic minium German: Mennigspecht Spanish: Pito miniado
highlands of Java
Subspecies and Distribution
C. m. perlutum
(Kloss, 1918) – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and peninsular Thailand.
C. m. malaccense
(Latham, 1790) – Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra (including Bangka and Belitung) and Borneo.
C. m. niasense
Büttikofer, 1896 – Nias I (off NW Sumatra).
C. m. miniaceum
(Pennant, 1769) – Java.
23–26 cm; 79–102 g. Male has reddish-brown forehead, dull red crown to nape, thin elongated crest feathers yellow at tips; sides of head and neck dark brown,... read more
Single “keek”; mournful descending “kwee” or “peew” in series of up to 7, as territorial call; “kwi... read more
Mainly dense primary (dipterocarp) evergreen forest; also secondary growth, forest edge and open... read more
Food and feeding
Ants and their eggs and larvae. Singly or in pairs, unobtrusive; partners may feed close together. Forages at all levels. Searches for food... read more
Nov–Sept. Both sexes excavate nest-hole, in decayed tree or in dead or rotten part of live tree. Displays include crest-raising,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common; rather uncommon in N of range; more frequent in S, common in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore; rare in Java.
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