French: Sterne à ventre noir German: Schwarzbauch-Seeschwalbe Spanish: Charrán ventrinegro
J. E. Gray
Pakistan (R Indus) and along major river systems of India E to C Bangladesh and Assam Valley. Now very rare in S China (W Yunnan), Nepal and Myanmar, and probably extinct in NW Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and S Vietnam#R.
32–35 cm. Typical tern from above, with black cap and grey back and wings, latter long and pointed; throat white, breast pale grey shading into deep black and brownish-... read more
Gives short, full, dog-like barks, e.g. “nyap” or “nyark”, which vary slightly in pitch and are... read more
Inland lakes and rivers, preferring broad, barren, featureless flats, sand spits and sandy islands... read more
Food and feeding
Insects (including dragonflies) and small fish. Plunge-dives for fish, and aerial-dips for insects over water and land. Despite non-... read more
Feb–May. Early nests sometimes flooded. Often breeds with S. aurantia, skimmers and pratincoles, but not colonial; nests... read more
Not migratory. Virtually unknown away from breeding sites.
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. The total population is believed to number fewer than 10,000 individuals and is in continuing decline. Now very rare, possibly extinct, in Thailand: sightings of... read more
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