Family Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Endangered

Black-fronted Tern (Chlidonias albostriatus)


Taxonomy

French: Guifette des galets German: Graubauch-Seeschwalbe Spanish: Fumarel maorí
Taxonomy:

Hydrochelidon albostriata

G. R. Gray

, 1845,

New Zealand

.

Has been considered a race of C. hybrida, despite somewhat different morphology and ecology. Monotypic.

Distribution:

New Zealand, breeding in riverbeds of E South I from Marlborough to Southland, rarely in Westland. Post-breeding visitor to North I, where formerly bred.

Descriptive notes

30 cm; 88–96 g. Forehead to nape black, back and wings grey, with darker grey primaries, and underparts pale grey; uppertail- and undertail-coverts and rump white; tail... read more

Voice

Usually only vocal when nesting. At colonies they are especially noisy when attacking... read more

Habitat

Breeds mainly on gravel and sandy bars in fast-flowing braided rivers; also on lake beaches.... read more

Food and feeding

When nesting feed along rivers on small fish (up to 10 cm long) and on emerging nymph and subimago mayflies and stoneflies' they also... read more

Breeding

Laying occurs from October to December, occasionally to January, late eggs probably being replacement clutches. Nests in loose, usually... read more

Movements

After breeding, birds move to the coast of South Island and to southern North Island and Stewart... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously listed as Vulnerable but now considered Endangered following very rapid population reductions at some wintering and breeding sites that are predicted... read more

Recommended citation

Gochfeld, M., Burger, J. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2017). Black-fronted Tern (Chlidonias albostriatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/54044 on 24 May 2017).