French: Canard bleu German: Saumschnabelente Spanish: Pato azul
J. F. Gmelin
Dusky Sound, South Island, New Zealand
Subspecies and Distribution
H. m. malacorhynchos
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – W South I, New Zealand.
H. m. hymenolaimus
Mathews, 1937 – C & S North I, New Zealand.
53–54 cm; male 820–1077 g, female 680–870 g. Generally slate-blue with greenish gloss on head, neck and back, chestnut spots on breast, outer secondaries... read more
Male gives high-pitched piercing, wheezing whistles in territorial defence or advertisement, with... read more
Mountain streams and small, narrow rivers of clear, fast-flowing waters in well-vegetated areas,... read more
Food and feeding
Aquatic invertebrates, mainly insect (chironoid and cased caddis fly) larvae, but extensive range recorded; also some algae and berries of... read more
Starts mostly mid Aug with majority of first nests attempted by late Oct, with repeat laying (following early loss of first clutches)... read more
Mainly sedentary, adult birds occurring within breeding territory (c. 0·7–1 km linear... read more
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. Previously considered Near Threatened, as numbers very reduced and declining; formerly widespread, now rare or absent in majority of territory, dispersed in small... read more
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