French: Pinson du Nord German: Bergfink Spanish: Pinzón real
N & NE Europe E in broad band to E Russia (Chukotka), S to NE Kazakhstan, C & SE Altai, Tuva, S L Baikal, Russian Far East (S to Amurland, Sakhalin and Kamchatka); winters in W, C & S Europe, N Africa, Middle East, and SW, C & E Asia.
13·5–16 cm; 17–30 g. Medium-sized finch with peaked crown, broad wingbars and white rump. Male breeding has head to side of neck, mantle and upper back... read more
Song a sweet and melodious series of jumbled twitters, chirps and short trills and fluty notes,... read more
Breeds in birch (Betula) and conifer woodland, also in mixed deciduous and conifer woods;... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly seeds and fruits; also small invertebrates and their larvae, size of adult animal prey mostly up to 6 mm and larvae to c. 20 mm long... read more
Season May to early Aug; single-brooded, occasionally two broods in C Siberia and NW Russia. Monogamous; pair-bond lasts for duration of... read more
Migratory; small numbers resident in Scandinavia. Most movement diurnal, but sea crossings (e.g.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally abundant, and widespread. Breeding population in Europe estimated (on basis of suitable habitat) at c. 15,000,000 pairs, with most... read more
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