Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)


Taxonomy

French: Pinson du Nord German: Bergfink Spanish: Pinzón real
Taxonomy:

Fringilla Montifringilla

Linnaeus

, 1758,

Sweden

.

Has hybridized with F. coelebs. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N & NE Europe E in broad band to E Russia (Chukotka), S to NE Kazakhstan, C & SE Altai, Tuva, S L Baikal, Russian Far East (S to Amurland, Sakhalin and Kamchatka); winters in W, C & S Europe, N Africa, Middle East, and SW, C & E Asia.

Descriptive notes

13·5–16 cm; 17–30 g. Medium-sized finch with peaked crown, broad wingbars and white rump. Male breeding has head to side of neck, mantle and upper back... read more

Voice

Song a sweet and melodious series of jumbled twitters, chirps and short trills and fluty notes,... read more

Habitat

Breeds in birch (Betula) and conifer woodland, also in mixed deciduous and conifer woods;... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly seeds and fruits; also small invertebrates and their larvae, size of adult animal prey mostly up to 6 mm and larvae to c. 20 mm long... read more

Breeding

Season May to early Aug; single-brooded, occasionally two broods in C Siberia and NW Russia. Monogamous; pair-bond lasts for duration of... read more

Movements

Migratory; small numbers resident in Scandinavia. Most movement diurnal, but sea crossings (e.g.... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to locally abundant, and widespread. Breeding population in Europe estimated (on basis of suitable habitat) at c. 15,000,000 pairs, with most... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. & Arkhipov, V. (2017). Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61288 on 23 September 2017).