Family Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Least Concern

Brandt's Cormorant (Phalacrocorax penicillatus)


Taxonomy

French: Cormoran de Brandt German: Pinselscharbe Spanish: Cormorán sargento
Taxonomy:

Carbo penicillatus

J. F. Brandt

, 1837,

no locality

.

Sometimes placed in genus Compsohalieus. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Breeds along Pacific coast of North America from extreme SW Canada (Vancouver I) S to NW Mexico (Baja California). In winter extends N to Alaska (Prince William Sound) and S through much of Gulf of California.

Descriptive notes

84–89 cm; c. 2450 g; wingspan c. 124 cm. Short-tailed, rather large crestless cormorant. Breeding adult has head, neck and most of body black with bottle-green to dull... read more

Voice

Croaking and growling/grunting sounds typical of genus; sharp “kauk” call, repeated at intervals of... read more

Habitat

Marine; restricted to rocky coasts and islands in region of California Current. Forages over rocky... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fish, both schooling and non-schooling. Typical prey species include rockfish (Sebastes), Chromis punctipinnis,... read more

Breeding

Laying mainly in Mar–Jul, earlier towards S of range; in at least some areas adults breed intermittently, e.g. on Southeast Farallon... read more

Movements

Sedentary. Dispersal in autumn, with birds occurring S as far as Mazatlán (W Mexico).

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally abundant. Bulk of population in California, in SW USA, with 64,210 breeding birds in 1970s, and possibly increasing... read more

Recommended citation

Orta, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Brandt's Cormorant (Phalacrocorax penicillatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52635 on 21 January 2017).