Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Vulnerable

Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus)


Taxonomy

French: Toui à dos noir German: Braunrückenpapagei Spanish: Cotorrita dorsinegra
Taxonomy:

Psittacus melanonotus

Wied

, 1820,

Brazil

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Brazil in Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná#R.

Descriptive notes

15 cm. Green, paler and brighter on face, darker on crown and upper­sides, but scapulars, back and central rump charcoal grey to blackish brown and has small yellowish... read more

Voice

Generally silent when at rest, but frequently noisy in flight. Best known is a resonant, loud,... read more

Habitat

Humid forest, chiefly on lower montane slopes at 500–1000 m, even up to 1400 m, sometimes in... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits of Rapanea acu­minata, Struthanthus vulgaris and Clusia criuva (the latter unripe), seeds and berries... read more

Breeding

Very few data. Season generally assumed to be Sept–Oct at start of rains, like most E Brazil endemics, and a young bird, thought to... read more

Movements

Movements to lower levels may be seasonal in nature, and in 19th century birds were thought to... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Overall range of 6700 km². Population long suspected to have been fewer than... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2017). Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/54706 on 17 August 2017).