Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)

Least Concern

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)


Taxonomy

French: Petit Garrot German: Büffelkopfente Spanish: Porrón albeola
Taxonomy:

Anas Albeola

Linnaeus

, 1758,

America = Newfoundland

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Breeds from Alaska E through C Canada to Hudson Bay and Great Lakes, and S to NW USA; isolated breeding populations in NW & NC USA. Winters from S Alaska, Great Lakes and Nova Scotia S to N Mexico.

Descriptive notes

32–40 cm; male 335–600 g, female 230–470 g; wingspan 54–61 cm. Unmistakable. Male in breeding plumage has black head with striking iridescent gloss on... read more

Voice

Audible only at close range and comparatively infrequently heard: male gives grating call during... read more

Habitat

Relativelysmall (1–100 ha), shallow (< 5 m deep) lakes and pools, usually without or with... read more

Food and feeding

Aquatic invertebrates (insects and their larvae, especially Odonata, Coleoptera, Corixidae and Tendipedidae, are often main food items in... read more

Breeding

Starts late Apr/early May, as soon as areas become ice-free. Monogamous, with pair-bonds usually formed during migration (rarely before)... read more

Movements

Migratory, with initial movements away from breeding grounds to moulting areas by males in Jun... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common. Total world population at onset of breeding season estimated at c. 750,000 birds in mid 1970s and 800,000 in 1980,... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52923 on 24 October 2017).