P. L. Sclater, 1860,
Río Napo, Ecuador.
Perhaps sister-species of G. carrikeri; also related to G. ridgelyi. Race obsoleta weakly different in plumage, and moderately so in voice owing to several initial stuttering notes in otherwise similar song; but no clear case for species rank on present evidence. Race ruficeps claimed to be more distinctive vocally and possibly a separate species#R, yet analysis revealed no clear differences from nominate. Hybridization between present species and G. ruficapilla recorded in high-elevation forest fragment in C Andes of Colombia#R. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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