French: Engoulevent de Caroline German: Carolinanachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras de la Carolina
J. F. Gmelin
South Carolina, USA
SE Canada (locally in extreme S Ontario) and E USA from SE Iowa, Indiana and Long I (New York) S to E Texas and S Florida. Winters from S USA (SE Texas and Louisiana) S through Central America to N South America; and from C Florida S through Bahamas to Greater Antilles, and E to Virgin Is.
27–34 cm; male 94–137 g, female 114–120 g. Sexually dimorphic. Upperparts brown, broadly streaked blackish brown, with narrow and indistinct tawny-buff... read more
Song of male is a loud, repetitive “chuk, weeo, weeo”; song variable and may be faster... read more
Generally deciduous wood and forest, mixed woodland of pines and oaks, and wooded oak groves; also... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on moths, flying ants, cicadas, crickets, grasshoppers, damselflies, dragonflies, beetles (including Carabidae, Cerambycidae,... read more
Breeds mid-Apr to Jul, commencing early Mar in S of range, mid-May in N. Usually single-brooded. Territorial. Nest-site usually in open... read more
Migratory, males generally moving before females. Begins arriving in N parts of range by mid-late... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally common throughout North American breeding range, and apparently spreading N in some regions, with increases noted in Massachusetts and New... read more
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