Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Cuban Emerald (Chlorostilbon ricordii)


Taxonomy

French: Émeraude de Ricord German: Kubasmaragdkolibri Spanish: Esmeralda zunzún
Taxonomy:

Ornismya Ricordii

Gervais

, 1835,

Santiago, Cuba

.

Considered to be closely related to C swainsonii and C. maugaeus, and all three formerly separated in genus Riccordia [sic]. In the past, †C. bracei was included as an extinct race, but this form now thought most likely to have been a separate species (see Family Text). Monotypic.

Distribution:

Cuba (including Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo and nearby cays) and I of Pines; and Bahamas (Grand Bahama, Great Abaco, Andros, Green Cay; casual in rest of Bahamas).

Descriptive notes

Male 10·5–11·5 cm, female 9·5–10·5 cm; 2·5–5 g. Male has slightly decurved, short bill, upper mandible dull black, lower... read more

Voice

Male song is high-pitched, a rapid rolling series of “slee” notes and sputtering metallic sounds, e... read more

Habitat

Occupies a variety of wooded habitats from sea-level up to at least 1300 m, although most frequent... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering shrubs and trees, including Barleria cristata and Tabebuia rosae. Insects are caught in the air by... read more

Breeding

All year. Gregarious nesting recorded on Cuba, with six nests located, averaging c. 30 cm apart, in cactus-like Euphorbia nivulia... read more

Movements

Sedentary, some local altitudinal dispersal. Vagrant to S & C Florida, USA, where 14 records... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Readily inhabits man-made habitat. Generally common throughout much of its extensive range. On Andros (Bahamas), density of at least 3... read more

Recommended citation

Bündgen, R. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Cuban Emerald (Chlorostilbon ricordii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/55439 on 24 June 2017).