Family Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

Vulnerable

Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus)


Taxonomy

French: Pélican frisé German: Krauskopfpelikan Spanish: Pelícano ceñudo
Taxonomy:

Pelecanus crispus

Bruch

, 1832,

Dalmatia

.

Part of a clade that includes also P. philippensis, P. rufescens and P. conspicillatus#R. Formerly considered conspecific with P. philippensis, but quite distinct in morphology and nesting habits. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Breeds in SE Europe (Serbia and Montenegro S to Greece, E to S Ukraine and S Russia) and E in Asia to Kazakhstan and W Mongolia, and also, in S, in W & NE Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran and W China (Xinjiang). W populations disperse mostly to E Mediterranean region; those from Russia and C Asia migrate to S Iraq, S Iran and Indian Subcontinent, and Mongolian breeders move to E China (S to Hong Kong). During warm periods of the mid-Holocene distribution range included areas on NW Europe as Britain, the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark,  as shown by DNA analysis of subfossil bones#R.

Descriptive notes

160–180 cm; 10–13 kg; wingspan 310–345 cm; bill 370–450 mm. Breeding adult has upperparts and tail chalky white, feathers of head and neck more... read more

Voice

Grunts and groans, and hissing calls, also explosive calls. In alarm utters "wo-wo-wo" sounds. Bill... read more

Habitat

Rivers, lakes, deltas, estuaries. Similar to P. onocrotalus, but does not need lowlands... read more

Food and feeding

Fish, especially carp (Cyprinus carpio), perch (Perca fluviatilis) and rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus); also... read more

Breeding

Breeds in spring, starting late Mar/Apr, earlier than P. onocrotalus. Ground nester, often on floating islands of vegetation; can... read more

Movements

Dispersive in Europe, migratory in Asia. Arrives Danube Delta during Mar, leaves Aug. European... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. According to BirdLife International, current global population 10,000–20,000 individuals (c. 4000–5000 breeding pairs). Majority, 2700–3500... read more

Recommended citation

Elliott, A., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52613 on 23 October 2017).