Kirwan et al., 2015,
Lower Wadi Kelt (=Wadi Al-Qelt/Wadi Qilt), northeast of Jerusalem, Israel/Palestinian Territories (31º 50’ N, 35º24’ E)..
Probably closely related to S. aluco. Formerly treated as conspecific with latter, but clearly different in plumage, eye colour and vocal patterns, and in ecology, as well as DNA. Recent genetic and morphological analyses have revealed that the type specimen of S. butleri—the geographical provenance of which is open to doubt—differs significantly from all other specimens previously ascribed to this species, indicating (despite the lack of vocal data definitively linked to the same population as the type) that two species are involved, principally because the degree of molecular differentiation is close to that in other taxa of Strix traditionally recognised as species, which led to populations of this species from S Oman to the Levant and E Egypt, which share the same morphology and vocalizations, being described as a separate species, Desert Tawny Owl S. hadorami#R#R. Monotypic.
E & S Israel, Jordan, Sinai Peninsula, Red Sea mountains (E Egypt and NE Sudan), and patchily in Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen and S Oman).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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