French: Choucas des tours German: Dohle Spanish: Grajilla occidental
Other common names:
Europe = Sweden
Subspecies and Distribution
C. m. monedula
Linnaeus, 1758 – Scandinavia to N Alps, Carpathian Mts and W Russia.
C. m. spermologus
Vieillot, 1817 – W & S Europe from British Is, E to Italy, S to Morocco and NW Algeria.
C. m. cirtensis
(Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1912) – NE Algeria.
C. m. soemmerringii
J. G. Fischer von Waldheim, 1811 – E & SE Europe to Turkey, Cyprus and N Israel, E in Asia to SC Siberia, W Mongolia, W China (N & W Xinjiang) and Kashmir. Winters in N Middle East and E to NW India.
34–39 cm; 136–265 g. Small, sociable crow with moderately long tail somewhat rounded at tip, small and short bill; flattish forecrown, feathers can be raised to... read more
Typical call an abrupt, high-pitched "chjak", given singly, or excitedly repeated 7... read more
Inhabits great variety of open country, preferably with scattered trees. Favours mixed farmland,... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous, but less of a carnivorous scavenger than most congeners. In one study, 84% of diet plant materials, including grain, seeds and... read more
Laying from late Apr in Britain and N Europe, mid-Apr in C Europe, and first half May in NW Russia and in C Asia and Kashmir. Long-term... read more
In W & S Europe resident or short-distance migrant, some reaching N Africa; native N African... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Abundant in most of range, but apparent population decreases over recent decades in most European countries. Following estimates (territories/pairs)... read more
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