Family Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Least Concern

Eurasian Penduline-tit (Remiz pendulinus)


Taxonomy

French: Rémiz penduline German: Beutelmeise Spanish: Pájaro moscón europeo
Taxonomy:

Motacilla pendulinus

Linnaeus

, 1758,

Poland, Lithuania, Hungary and Italy

.

Frequently hybridizes with R. macronyx by N & SW shores of Caspian Sea; hybrids in N (mouth of R Ural) named bostanjogli, and those in S as, respectively, loudoni and altaicus; last-mentioned sometimes treated as a valid race. Birds of this species in Syria (and possibly extreme N Israel) of uncertain racial identity, provisionally placed in menzbieri. Other proposed races are persimilis (Eregli, S Turkey), synonymized with menzbieri, castaneus (Astrakhan), included in caspius, and barabensis (Baraba and Kulunda steppes, in Tomsk area of W Siberia), treated as a synonym of jaxarticus. Race caspius perhaps better treated as race of R. macronyx#R. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • R. p. pendulinus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Denmark and S Sweden E in W Russia to R Ural, S to Iberia, France, lowland Italy and Sicily, Greece and Crete, W Turkey and foothills of NW Caucasus. Non-breeding in S Europe and locally N Africa (NW Morocco, NE Egypt).
  • R. p. menzbieri (Zarudny, 1913) – Turkey (except W), Armenia, Azerbaijan, NW Iran, NE Iraq#R, NE Lebanon#R and Syria, possibly also extreme N Israel.
  • R. p. jaxarticus (Severtsov, 1873) – E of Urals in W Siberia and N Kazakhstan E to NW foothills of Altai. Non-breeding probably from S Turkey and Iraq over S & E Iran E to Baluchistan (W Pakistan) and locally in C Asia.
  • R. p. caspius (Peltsam, 1870) – plains of SW Russia and NW Kazakhstan (R Volga–R Ural, W coastal lowlands of Caspian Sea and foothills of NE Caucasus.
  • Descriptive notes

    10–11 cm; 8–12·5 g. A small and relatively long-tailed passerine with conical pointed bill with straight culmen. Male nominate race has black mask... read more

    Voice

    Usual call a thin, high-pitched and somewhat penetrating “seeeoou”, not unlike sound... read more

    Habitat

    Favours lakeside and riverine swampy vegetation, including that occurring at fish farms and tidal... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small invertebrates, chiefly larvae of small insects, also adult stages and their eggs; also seeds. Small spiders (Araneae) particularly... read more

    Breeding

    Season May–Jun in S Sweden, late Apr to early Jul in C Germany, May in Ukraine, Apr in S France, but not until late Jun in W Russia;... read more

    Movements

    N populations highly migratory; S ones less inclined to move very far. Most move S or SW to winter... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Patchily not uncommon over most of range, but distinctly localized and forming small “colonies” along riversides.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Madge, S. (2017). Eurasian Penduline-tit (Remiz pendulinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/59955 on 23 May 2017).