French: Oedicnème criard German: Triel Spanish: Alcaraván común
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
B. o. oedicnemus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – S Britain and Iberia E to N Balkans and Ukraine and Caucasus; winters in S of range and in Africa to Senegal E to Ethiopia.
B. o. saharae
(Reichenow, 1894) – N Africa, Mediterranean islands, Greece and Turkey to Middle East, E to Iraq and S Iran.
B. o. harterti
Vaurie, 1963 – R Volga delta area E through Transcaspia and Turkestan to Zaysan basin (E Kazakhstan), and S through C Iran to Pakistan (probably to W of Indus Valley)#R; winters from NE Africa to SW Asia.
B. o. distinctus
(Bannerman, 1914) – C & W Canary Is (except La Gomera).
B. o. insularum
(Sassi, 1908) – E Canary Is.
40–44 cm; 290–535 g; wingspan 77–85 cm. Sandy brown with white belly and vent, upperparts streaked darker; head finely streaked dark, with whiter lores,... read more
Mainly vocal in twilight and at night, with nocturnal choruses lasting up to 30 minutes and audible... read more
Semi-arid, arid and steppe grassland, open Argan (Argania spinosa) woodland (in Morocco),... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly terrestrial invertebrates and small vertebrates: insects and their larvae, especially beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, ants, earwigs... read more
Breeds in spring in most of range, Mar–Jun in N Africa, Apr–Jun in Palestine, Jan–Jun in Canary Is (mainly Feb–Mar... read more
N European and C Asian populations migrate in autumn to S Europe, Middle East and beyond into... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread but restricted to small areas of suitable habitat, often widely separated. European population estimated at 41,000–... read more
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