French: Engoulevent d’Europe German: Ziegenmelker Spanish: Chotacabras europeo
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
C. e. europaeus
Linnaeus, 1758 – N & C Europe E through NC Asia (mainly S of c. 60° N) to L Baikal region.
C. e. meridionalis
E. J. O. Hartert, 1896 – NW Africa and Iberia E through S Europe, Crimea, Caucasus and Ukraine to NW Iran and Caspian Sea.
C. e. sarudnyi
E. J. O. Hartert, 1912 – Kazakhstan from Caspian Sea E to Kyrgyzstan, Tarbagatai and Altai Mts.
C. e. unwini
A. O. Hume, 1871 – Iraq and Iran E to W Tien Shan and Kashgar region, N to S Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan and S to W & N Pakistan.
C. e. plumipes
Przevalski, 1876 – E Tien Shan (NW China and W & S Mongolia).
C. e. dementievi
Stegmann, 1949 – S Transbaikalia and NE Mongolia.
24·5–28 cm; male 51–101 g, female 67–95 g. Sexually dimorphic. Upperparts greyish-brown streaked blackish-brown with indistinct pale buff nuchal... read more
Song of male is a distinctive, continuous churring that frequently changes to a lower pitch and... read more
Mainly dry, open country: lowland heaths with scattered trees and bushes, commons and moorland,... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes moths, beetles, mantises, mayflies, dragonflies, Orthoptera, cockroaches, bugs, Hymenoptera, antlions, lacewings, caddisflies... read more
Breeds late May to Aug, occasionally Apr–Jul in some regions; breeding often influenced by lunar phase. Single-brooded or double... read more
Highly migratory. Nominate race leaves breeding grounds late Jul to Nov (mainly late Aug to Oct), W... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common to very common in suitable habitat throughout breeding range, though decreasing in numbers and/or range in many regions, especially in... read more
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