French: Rollier d’Europe German: Blauracke Spanish: Carraca europea
Subspecies and Distribution
C. g. garrulus
Linnaeus, 1758 – NW Africa, SW, SC & E Europe and Asia Minor E through NW Iran to SW Siberia; winters in Africa S of Sahara.
C. g. semenowi
Loudon & Tschusi, 1902 – Iraq and Iran (except NW) E to Kashmir, N to Turkmenistan, C Kazakhstan and possibly NW China (W Xinjiang); probably this race breeds in E Arabia; winters in E Africa S of Sahara.
31–32 cm; male 127–160 g, female 130–154 g; birds wintering in Africa c. 120 g. A large roller without tail-streamers, proportionately larger-headed than... read more
Rather silent when not breeding. Typical call a nasal, grating, crow-like “rak”, single or doubled... read more
Warm, sunny lowlands, at up to 1000 m in C Europe, 1200 m in S Spain, 2300 m in Morocco and... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates, mainly beetles and other hard-bodied insects, and some small vertebrates: beetles of at least 14 families represented in... read more
Lays in May–Jul. Monogamous; normally solitary and territorial, with typical rolling and diving aerial display, rarely semi-colonial... read more
An intercontinental migrant, almost entire world population wintering in Africa S of Sahara. In... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currrently considered Near Threatened. European population estimated in 1990’s at c. 16,000–24,000 pairs, with strongholds in Iberia (... read more
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