Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Evening Grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertina)


Taxonomy

French: Gros-bec errant German: Abendkernbeißer Spanish: Picogordo vespertino
Taxonomy:

Fringilla vespertina

W. Cooper

, 1825,

Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, USA

.

Geographical variation slight. Other proposed races in USA are relatively shorter-billed californica (described from Crane Flat, in Yosemite National Park, in E California) and narrow-billed warreni (from Bear Creek, near Colorado Springs, in C Colorado), both slightly paler than, but synonymized with, brooksi; some vocal differences apparent, however, and further research required. In Mexico, proposed race mexicana (from Las Vigas, in Veracruz) considered inseparable from montana. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. v. brooksi Grinnell, 1917 – W Canada (E & S British Columbia) and W USA (S to NW & EC California, and from W Montana and W Wyoming S to C Colorado, also C Arizona and CS New Mexico); winters to SW USA (S California E to SW Texas).
  • H. v. vespertina (W. Cooper, 1825) – C & E Canada (Alberta E to S Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia) and NE USA (NE Minnesota E to Maine); winters throughout C & E USA S to Texas and Georgia, occasionally N Florida.
  • H. v. montana Ridgway, 1874 – extreme SW USA (SE Arizona) and interior W & S Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental from W Chihuahua S to W Durango and central Transvolcanic Belt from Michoacán E to W Veracruz and NW Oaxaca).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–21·5 cm; 51·1–71·7 g (Pennsylvania). Large, large-billed, plump grosbeak with short, slightly notched tail. Male nominate race has... read more

    Voice

    Song a rambling or erratic series of uneven musical warbling notes, usually concluding with short... read more

    Habitat

    Breeds in mature conifer woods of fir (Abies) and spruce (Picea), also mixed... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly seeds of trees, shrubs and other plants; also some insects and larvae. Seeds, buds and flowers include those of maple (Acer... read more

    Breeding

    Season Apr–Jul; usually one brood, in Colorado sometimes two. Monogamous; exceptionally polygamous. Pair formation usually takes... read more

    Movements

    Migratory, altitudinal migrant, nomadic and occasionally irruptive. Diurnal migrant, often moving... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to locally common; until recently was locally abundant, but has undergone rapid and serious decline since last years of 20th century. Prior to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2017). Evening Grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61427 on 26 September 2017).