French: Engoulevent musicien German: Pfeifnachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras músico
Knysna, Western Cape Province, South Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
C. p. nigriscapularis
Reichenow, 1893 – Black-shouldered Nightjar – patchily from Gambia, Senegal and W Sierra Leone E through S Nigeria and Cameroon to SE South Sudan and W Kenya, and S to Congo and SW DRCongo.
C. p. shelleyi
Bocage, 1878 – Angola and S DRCongo E to SE Kenya, N & C Tanzania and N Malawi.
C. p. fervidus
Sharpe, 1875 – S Angola, N Namibia, N & E Botswana and Zimbabwe to NE South Africa.
C. p. crepusculans
Clancey, 1994 – S Malawi (possibly), SE Zimbabwe and Mozambique to E South Africa and E Swaziland.
C. p. pectoralis
Cuvier, 1816 – Fiery-necked Nightjar – SW & S South Africa.
23–25 cm; male 34·5–70 g, female 38–66 g; by race: 48–60 g (nigriscapularis), 33–65 g (shelleyi), 37·4–71... read more
Song of male is a melodious but variable whistle, “peeo-u-oh, piriririri”, first note... read more
Typically Brachystegia woodland savanna (miombo), but also commonly mopane and other... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes mantises, spiders, moths, grasshoppers and beetles; study of 27 stomachs containing 236 insects found Lepidoptera (48·... read more
Breeds Aug–Sept in Angola, Jul–Nov (mainly Sept–Nov) in Zambia, Sept–Nov in Malawi, from Sept generally in E Africa... read more
Nominate race sedentary and partially migratory. At end of breeding season, moves N and NE (Apr... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widely distributed and generally quite common throughout most of range. Few data published on population densities, though widespread and locally... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!