Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Gilded Flicker (Colaptes chrysoides)


Taxonomy

French: Pic chrysoïde German: Wüstengoldspecht Spanish: Carpintero escapulario californiano
Taxonomy:

Geopicus (Colaptes) chrysoides

Malherbe

, 1852,

Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico

.

Genetically not significantly divergent from C. cafer and sometimes considered conspecific with C. mexicanoides (see both species). Races intergrade clinally. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. c. brunnescens Anthony, 1895 – N & C Baja California.
  • C. c. chrysoides (Malherbe, 1852) – S Baja California.
  • C. c. mearnsi Ridgway, 1911 – extreme SE California (Colorado Valley) and S & C Arizona S in desert to NW Mexico (N Sonora).
  • C. c. tenebrosus van Rossem, 1930 – N Sonora to N Sinaloa.
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 26–30 cm; 92–129 g (mearnsi). Male has rusty to rufous-yellow forehead to hindneck, red malar, rest of head down to upper breast grey; pale brownish... read more

    Voice

    Descending “peah” or “klee-yer”, long series of “whit” notes in... read more

    Habitat

    Arid scrub and desert with large cacti and yucca (Yucca) plants, and dry riverine woodland... read more

    Food and feeding

    Ants and their brood, and other insects. Also fruits, e.g. of cactus, and berries; also nuts, including pecan (Carya) and walnut... read more

    Breeding

    Laying Feb–Jun. Nest most frequently excavated in large cactus, particularly saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea), at 3... read more

    Movements

    Resident; wanderers recorded N to SW Utah.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common. Stable or increasing in USA, with average increase of 8% annually since 1968. In Mexico, conversion of cactus deserts to irrigated farmland... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Gilded Flicker (Colaptes chrysoides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56269 on 18 October 2017).