Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Golden-green Woodpecker (Piculus chrysochloros)


Taxonomy

French: Pic vert-doré German: Bronzespecht Spanish: Carpintero verdiamarillo
Taxonomy:

Picus chrysochloros

Vieillot

, 1818,

Paraguay and Brazil

.

Specific name sometimes misspelt as chrysochlorus. Thought to be close to P. aurulentus. Races differ markedly in size and plumage, but racial differentiation partly obscured by considerable individual variation; birds in S Colombia (Putumayo) and NE Ecuador lacking red malar stripe possibly represent a new, as yet unnamed race. Recent taxonomic review#R indicated that races represent six phylogenetic species, namely NW South American xanthochlorus, N Amazonian capistratus, NE Brazilian (Belém region) paraensis, S Amazonian laemostictus, the Cerrado–Caatinga–Chaco specialist chrysochloros, and Atlantic Forest polyzonus; and that an additional, undescribed form from the Tapajós–Tocantins interfluve may prove to be a further species once more study carried out. In same study#R taxa aurosus, guianensis and hypochryseus found not to form “diagnosable units”, but these are retained here as races as they exhibit some differences in morphological characters. Nine subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. aurosus (Nelson, 1912) – E Panama and N Colombia (Córdoba and Antioquia E to Magdalena).
  • P. c. xanthochlorus (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1875) – Colombian Golden-green Woodpecker – NE Colombia (Norte de Santander) and NW Venezuela.
  • P. c. capistratus (Malherbe, 1862) – Guianan Golden-green Woodpecker – E Ecuador, NE Peru, SE Colombia and NW Brazil E to Suriname.
  • P. c. guianensis Todd, 1937 – French Guiana.
  • P. c. paraensis (E. Snethlage, 1907) – Para Golden-green Woodpecker – NE Brazil.
  • P. c. laemostictus Todd, 1937 – Amazonian Golden-green Woodpecker – E Peru and NW Brazil.
  • P. c. hypochryseus Todd, 1937 – W Brazil S to N Bolivia.
  • P. c. chrysochloros (Vieillot, 1818) – Cerrado Golden-green Woodpecker – C & S Brazil S to E Bolivia, W Paraguay and N Argentina (Formosa S to Santa Fe).
  • P. c. polyzonus (Valenciennes, 1826) – Una Golden-green Woodpecker – SE Brazil (SE Bahia, SE Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–21 cm (chrysochloros), 26–27 cm (capistratus, polyzonus); 55 g (chrysochloros), 62–91 g (capistratus). Male... read more

    Voice

    Shrill sibilant “shreer”, sometimes doubled, uttered infrequently.

    Habitat

    Humid terra firme and várzea forest, rainforest, also deciduous forest, patches... read more

    Food and feeding

    Ants (Camponotus) and termites (Isoptera) recorded. Forages singly, in pairs, or in mixed-species flocks. Forages rather high in... read more

    Breeding

    Records from Colombia suggest breeding in Feb–Mar; in Sept in Argentina. Nest-hole in tree or in arboreal nest of insects. No data on... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Status uncertain, possibly not uncommon in much of range. Rare to uncommon and local in Ecuador; uncommon in Peru; and possibly very uncommon in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Golden-green Woodpecker (Piculus chrysochloros). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56260 on 25 June 2017).