Java and Sumatra.
Geographical variation not well marked, and individual variation makes racial delimitation difficult; size varies only slightly and inconstantly throughout range. NW populations (Himachal Pradesh to N Assam) sometimes separated as race mohun on basis of darker coloration, especially below, but some individuals from Myanmar and Thailand appear identical. Races intergrade in peninsular Thailand, intermediates from which previously separated as race celadinus. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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