M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823,
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Has been thought to be closely related to T. maximus. Possibly hybridizes with T. bernsteini. Subspecific taxonomy unusually confusing; race enigma perhaps better synonymized with nominate, and gwendolenae with cristatus; many other races proposed, e.g. bakeri (Makran coast, in SE Iran and S Pakistan), edwardsi (Sri Lanka), halodramus (Sulu Is, in SW Philippines), pelecanoides (Torres Strait, NE Australia), poliocerca (Tasmania). In contrast, species sometimes treated as monotypic. Six subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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