jungles of Birbhum and Dhalbhum, West Bengal.
Until recently, considered a subspecies in the C. lucidus group of taxa (C. guttacristatus, C. stricklandi, C. strictus, C. erythrocephalus, C. haematribon, C. lucidus and C. xanthocephalus). Differs from C. strictus in its substantially larger size, based on published data#R (2); white-spotted black head (female) (3); much fuller complement of red on rump (extending up back) (2); stronger golden upperparts (1); bolder moustachial, malar and mesial stripes (ns); and bolder-patterned underparts (ns)#R. Coastal W Indian form socialis sometimes treated as a further separate species#R, reported as differing significantly in size and in voice (does not respond to playback of guttacristatus) and to lesser extent in plumage#R; further study needed. Populations of Peninsular Malaysia and W Sundas previously referred to as race chersonesus, but name indomalayicus has priority#R. Larger and larger-billed W Himalayan form sultaneus tentatively included here, but often considered too poorly differentiated to warrant recognition. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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