Ramree Island, Arakan, Myanmar.
This species, along with P. temminckii, P. kizuki, P. maculatus, P. ramsayi, P. nanus and P. moluccensis, was previously placed in Dendrocopos, but molecular studies indicate that they all form a separate clade of very small species, evidently sister to the P. tridactylus clade#R#R; all seven have been combined in Yungipicus by some authors. Present species has at times been considered conspecific with P. nanus, but the two are sympatric in Nepal without interbreeding. Himalayan races differ vocally and morphologically from other S & SE Asian ones; re-evaluation of species limits desirable#R. Mainland races generally intergrade. Taiwan population originally named as a separate species, Dendrocopos[= Picoides] wattersi, but specimen shown to be juvenile of present species; name subsequently synonymized with kaleensis. Other named races include gigantisculus (Khasi Hills, NE India), szetschuanensis (C China), nagamichii (E China), omissus (W & S China), obscurus (SW & S Yunnan) and tonkinensis (Tonkin), all considered either to represent intergrades between populations or to fall within range of variation of adjacent races. Eleven subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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