French: Mésangeai du Canada German: Meisenhäher Spanish: Arrendajo canadiense
Subspecies and Distribution
P. c. pacificus
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – Alaska and NW Canada (Yukon and NW British Columbia).
P. c. canadensis
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Northern Grey Jay – N Canada from Mackenzie River Delta E to Labrador, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, S to N Alberta, C Saskatchewan and S Manitoba, S in N USA to NE Minnesota E to N New England.
P. c. bicolor
A. H. Miller, 1933 – NC Rocky Mts from SE British Columbia S in USA to E Washington, E Oregon and Idaho.
P. c. capitalis
S. F. Baird, 1874 – Rockies Grey Jay – S Rocky Mts in E Idaho, W Wyoming, C Utah, W Colorado, EC Arizona and NC New Mexico.
P. c. albescens
J. L. Peters, 1920 – E Rocky Mts (from SE Yukon, S Northwest Territories, NE British Columbia and NW & C Alberta) E to C Saskatchewan and WC Manitoba, S in USA to E Montana, NE Wyoming and Black Hills of South Dakota.
P. c. obscurus
Ridgway, 1874 – Pacific Grey Jay – SW British Columbia (including Vancouver I) and W USA in W Washington (Olympic Peninsula and Cascade Mts), Oregon (Cascade and Coast Ranges) and extreme N California.
27–31 cm; 50–85 g. A small, crestless, long-tailed jay with grey, white and black plumage. Nominate race has forehead, forecrown, face, neck and upper breast... read more
A very quiet-voiced corvid, often seen before it is heard. Accomplished mimic (often of various... read more
Coniferous and mixed conifer-deciduous (especially Populus and Acer) forests of N... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous. Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera), Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, flies (Diptera), bugs (Hemiptera), Orthoptera; also spiders (... read more
Nesting begins in late winter, when snow is substantial, laying late Feb to mid-Apr. Permanent monogamous pair-bond. In Algonquin... read more
Resident; most pairs spend entire breeding life on a single territory. Some annual movements in S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common. Populations generally stable; range contracting in some S areas (Alberta, Michigan, Quebec) and potentially at substantial risk from... read more
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