French: Bergeronnette des ruisseaux German: Gebirgsstelze Spanish: Lavandera cascadeña
no locality = Wycliffe, Yorkshire, England
Subspecies and Distribution
M. c. cinerea
Tunstall, 1771 – British Is and Fennoscandia S through much of W Europe to Iberia and islands in Mediterranean Sea, NW Africa (Morocco, N Algeria), Turkey, Caucasus and N & SW Iran; winters in S parts of breeding range and in N Africa and coastal Arabia.
M. c. melanope
Pallas, 1776 – N Asia from Ural Mts E to C coast of Sea of Okhotsk, S to NW, N & E Mongolia, E China (S to S Gansu, S Shaanxi and Hebei) and Taiwan; also in mountains from Tien Shan S to E Afghanistan and E along Himalayas; winters in NE Africa and S & SE Asia.
M. c. robusta
(C. L. Brehm, 1857) – extreme E Asia from E Russia (S & C Kamchatka and Amurland) S to Korea and Japan; winters S to Sundas and New Guinea.
M. c. patriciae
Vaurie, 1957 – Azores (Furnas, São Miguel).
M. c. schmitzi
Tschusi, 1900 – Madeira.
M. c. canariensis
E. J. O. Hartert, 1901 – Canary Is.
17–20 cm; male 15–22 g, female 14–20 g. Distinctive; the only long-tailed wagtail with blue-grey upperparts and yellow uppertail-coverts and underparts.... read more
Song, in flight, a series of notes as “tzii-tz-tzi-tzi-tzee-ree-ree-ree”, ending in... read more
Fast-flowing mountain streams and rivers with riffles and exposed rocks or shoals, often in... read more
Food and feeding
Prey mainly insects, notably fly larvae and adults (Diptera, especially Chironomidae) and nymphal and adult mayflies (Ephemeroptera) and... read more
End Mar to Aug, mainly from Apr, in Europe; late Mar to May in N Africa, early Mar to Jun in Canaries, lays from from late May in Azores;... read more
Island races and S populations resident; others partial or long-distance migrants. Nominate race... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Frequent and widespread in mountainous areas, and common in most of range. European population estimated at c. 1,000,000 pairs;... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!