Usually treated as conspecific with C. cafer and C. auratus owing to high level of interbreeding between taxa at their geographical boundaries, but here allowed species status on account of considerable phenotypic differences. Thus, present species differs from geographically and morphologically closer C. cafer in its bold chestnut-cinnamon vs dull greenish-grey crown and nape (3); in female, bold chestnut-cinnamon moustachial stripe on grey face vs continuous grey face or with vague brownish base (2); mantle densely and broadly barred black and cinnamon vs dull brownish-grey with vague black markings (3). Sometimes considered conspecific with C. chrysoides, but differs in its deeper, richer brown crown (2); chestnut-cinnamon moustache of female vs none (2); red vs yellow shafts of wing and tail feathers, with reddish vs yellowish basal undertail (3); denser, darker barring on upperparts (ns). Monotypic.
Highlands from S Mexico (Chiapas) to NC Nicaragua.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!