Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Guatemalan Flicker (Colaptes mexicanoides)


Taxonomy

French: Pic du Guatemala German: Guatemalagoldspecht Spanish: Carpintero escapulario guatemalteco
Taxonomy:

Colaptes mexicanoides

Lafresnaye

, 1844,

Mexico

.

Usually treated as conspecific with C. cafer and C. auratus owing to high level of interbreeding between taxa at their geographical boundaries, but here allowed species status on account of considerable phenotypic differences. Thus, present species differs from geographically and morphologically closer C. cafer in its bold chestnut-cinnamon vs dull greenish-grey crown and nape (3); in female, bold chestnut-cinnamon moustachial stripe on grey face vs continuous grey face or with vague brownish base (2); mantle densely and broadly barred black and cinnamon vs dull brownish-grey with vague black markings (3). Sometimes considered conspecific with C. chrysoides, but differs in its deeper, richer brown crown (2); chestnut-cinnamon moustache of female vs none (2); red vs yellow shafts of wing and tail feathers, with reddish vs yellowish basal undertail (3); denser, darker barring on upperparts (ns[2]). Monotypic.

Distribution:

Highlands from S Mexico (Chiapas) to NC Nicaragua.

Descriptive notes

c. 34–35 cm. Male has chestnut-cinnamon to rusty forehead to hindneck, red malar (often mixed with black) with chestnut-cinnamon basally (near bill base), rest of head down... read more

Voice

Common call “peah” or “klee-yer” on descending scale; long series of “whit” notes during breeding... read more

Habitat

Open pine (Pinus) and pine–oak (PinusQuercus) zone in Mexico; also... read more

Food and feeding

Little detailed information on diet. Feeds on small insects, mostly ants; some seeds and fruits also taken, especially in winter months.... read more

Breeding

Little detailed information on diet. Feeds on small insects, mostly ants; some seeds and fruits also taken, especially in winter months.... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to locally common. Has fairly large range, within which it may be declining as a result of continued loss and... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Guatemalan Flicker (Colaptes mexicanoides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/467473 on 23 May 2017).