Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Guira Tanager (Hemithraupis guira)


Taxonomy

French: Tangara guira German: Guiratangare Spanish: Tangara guirá
Taxonomy:

Motacilla Guira

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Pernambuco, Brazil

.

This species and H. ruficapilla, which are closer to each other than either is to H. flavicollis, hybridize to some degree in limited zone of contact in SE Brazil, but do not intergrade; their levels of genetic divergence are relatively low but consistent with species rank#R. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. g. nigrigula (Boddaert, 1783) – locally Venezuela (E of Andes) E to the Guianas and NE Brazil N of R Amazon.
  • H. g. roraimae (Hellmayr, 1910) – Cerro Roraima region of Venezuela and Guyana.
  • H. g. guirina (P. L. Sclater, 1856) – Colombia in Cauca Valley (Antioquia S to Valle, once on Pacific slope in Valle), Magdalena Valley and E Andes (W slope from Santander S to Huila, and E slope in at least Boyacá and Cundinamarca and probably S to Caquetá), also Ecuador (W of Andes) and NW Peru (NW Tumbes).
  • H. g. huambina Stolzmann, 1926 – S Colombia (Nariño), E Ecuador, E Peru and W Brazil (E to R Madeira).
  • H. g. boliviana J. T. Zimmer, 1947 – E Bolivia, NW Argentina; probably also Mato Grosso, in C Brazil.
  • H. g. amazonica J. T. Zimmer, 1947 – C Brazil S of R Amazon (between R Madeira and R Tapajós).
  • H. g. guira (Linnaeus, 1766) – EC Brazil from R Tocantins E to Ceará and S to Goiás and NW Bahia; also extreme NE Brazil from Paraíba to Alagoas.
  • H. g. fosteri (Sharpe, 1905) – E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones), and interior SE Brazil from Minas Gerais S to Rio Grande do Sul.
  • Descriptive notes

    13 cm; 9·5–14 g. Rather thin-billed tanager; male resembles oriole (Icterus). Male nominate race has crown to nape olive-green, face and throat dark sooty-brown,... read more

    Voice

    Song may vary geographically, or individuals may sing several different songs. Song at dawn in N... read more

    Habitat

    In Amazonia occurs in canopy of humid várzea and terra firme forest, as well as... read more

    Food and feeding

    Variety of arthropods, also occasionally small fruits. Observed to consume Miconia berries and seen to examine flower corollas for... read more

    Breeding

    Reported as breeding in Sept and Oct in Paraguay. Nest a flimsy cup of plant fibres and lichen placed in high fork; eggs white, sprinkled... read more

    Movements

    Mainly resident. Some may withdraw seasonally from extreme S portions of range in Argentina and S... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Widely distributed, but typically uncommon throughout most of range. Occurs in a large number of national parks and other protected areas; in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2017). Guira Tanager (Hemithraupis guira). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61742 on 28 June 2017).