Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Vulnerable

Helmeted Woodpecker (Hylatomus galeatus)


Taxonomy

French: Pic casqué German: Wellenohrspecht Spanish: Picamaderos caricanelo
Taxonomy:

Picus galeatus

Temminck

, 1822,

Brazil

.

In some plumage and structural features this species resembles Celeus (especially C. spectabilis); a recent multilocus phylogenetic analysis supports indeed to include this species within Celeus#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) and SE Brazil (São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina; probably extinct in Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

c. 27–28 cm; 124 g. Male has red head and long crest, sometimes with buff or black feather bases showing through, forehead, lores and ear-coverts more cinnamon, ear-... read more

Voice

Loud ringing series of 3–12 “keer” notes, shorter and slower than that of D.... read more

Habitat

Tall lowland and montane forest. Primary forest, disturbed and even logged (primary) forest, so... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on beetle larvae living beneath bark. Mostly found singly or in pairs. Forages in middle storey at 14–15 m in forest interior;... read more

Breeding

Nests found in Sept–Oct; season probably to Feb. A nest in Misiones, Argentina, was in branch of a laurel tree (Nectandra... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Total population estimated at no more than 10,000 individuals, and perhaps significantly fewer. Known from only a small area of at most 24,000 km²; probably... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H., Christie, D.A., Bonan, A., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2017). Helmeted Woodpecker (Hylatomus galeatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56285 on 18 October 2017).