Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Hoffmann's Woodpecker (Melanerpes hoffmannii)


Taxonomy

French: Pic de Hoffmann German: Hoffmannspecht Spanish: Carpintero de Hoffmann
Taxonomy:

Centurus Hoffmannii

Cabanis

, 1862,

Costa Rica

.

Sometimes separated with other barred congeners in Centurus. Has been reckoned closest to M. aurifrons, and was formerly regarded by some as conspecific, but recent molecular phylogeny indicates that present species occupies a near-basal position in genus#R. Hybridizes with M. aurifrons in S Honduras (R Pespire) and with M. rubricapillus in C Costa Rica, producing numerous individuals with intermediate appearance (e.g. majority between Tárcoles and Quepos, in Costa Rica, have orange hindneck and belly). Monotypic.

Distribution:

Pacific slope from S Honduras and Nicaragua S to Costa Rica (S to Quepos, and on Caribbean slope to Turrialba).

Descriptive notes

c. 19–21 cm; 62–84 g. Male has pale golden-yellow nasal tufts, red crown patch, golden-yellow to orange-yellow nape and hindneck sometimes with few scattered red... read more

Voice

Most common are loud to soft “churr” calls, like those of M. aurifrons; hard metallic... read more

Habitat

Xeric to mesic open and semi-open country. Typically, deciduous forest, light woodland, second... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, particularly ants, beetles, lepidopterans, and their larvae. Eats many fruits, including figs (Ficus), also Cecropia... read more

Breeding

Feb–Jul; often 2 broods. Monogamous, in pairs throughout year; solitary nester. Often conspicuous encounters between pairs before... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common in N of range; common to locally very common in Costa Rica. Occurs in Santa Rosa, Palo Verde and Barra Honda National Parks... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Hoffmann's Woodpecker (Melanerpes hoffmannii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56175 on 21 August 2017).