French: Pic à bec ivoire German: Elfenbeinspecht Spanish: Picamaderos picomarfil
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
C. p. principalis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Northern Ivory-billed Woodpecker – SE USA (probably extinct).
C. p. bairdii
Cassin, 1863 – Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker – Cuba (probably extinct).
48–53 cm; c. 450–570 g. Extremely large, distinctive woodpecker. Male has side of crown back to underside of crest, rear of head and nape red, with paler feather... read more
Common note when alarmed “kent” or “hant”, timbre like clarinet or toy... read more
Heavy forest in often inaccessible hardwood and cypress swamps; originally, probably mainly pine (... read more
Food and feeding
Chiefly large larvae of wood-boring beetles (Cerambycidae, Buprestidae, Scolytidae, Elateridae, Eucnemidae), which also fed to young;... read more
Jan–Apr in USA; Mar–Jun in Cuba, with peak in Apr. Displays with crest-raising, possibly also head-swinging. Nest excavated in... read more
Status and conservation
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Probably extinct. Formerly occurred at low density throughout SE USA and Cuba. Nominate subspecies once widely distributed in SE USA, from Oklahoma and... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!