Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Vulnerable

Javan Flameback (Chrysocolaptes strictus)


Taxonomy

French: Pic de Java German: Javasultanspecht Spanish: Pito sultán de Java
Taxonomy:

Picus strictus

Horsfield

, 1821,

Java

.

Until recently, considered a subspecies in the C. lucidus group of taxa (C. guttacristatusC. stricklandi, C. strictusC. erythrocephalusC. haematribon, C. lucidus and C. xanthocephalus). Most closely resembles C. haematribon and C. lucidus montanus, but differs from both in broad white supercilium (2), broader black postocular stripe through ear-coverts to hindneck (3), brighter yellow crown with a few irregular black streaks rather than any close spotting (female) (2 for montanus; ns[2] for haematribon), brighter red crown (male) (ns[1]), and greatly reduced red on rump (ns[1]); plus (compared with haematribon) yellowish-golden upperparts (3)#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. s. strictus (Horsfield, 1821) – E Java, Bali.
  • C. s. kangeanensis Hoogerwerf, 1963 – Kangean Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 28–32 cm. Male nominate race has forehead, crown and crest red, thick black postocular stripe through ear-coverts to hindneck, and broad white supercilium; buffish-white... read more

    Voice

    Fast stuttering trill, a series of “di-di-di-d-di”, given from perch and in flight. Drums in rapid... read more

    Habitat

    Forest, including secondary growth, coastal woodland, mangroves, plantations.

    Food and feeding

    Little known. Presumably eats such invertebrates as ants and beetles, and probably some plant matter. Pair-members often forage in close... read more

    Breeding

    Season Jul–Nov. No other information.

    Movements

    Sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Poorly known. Global population size not quantified, as taxonomic split from C. lucidus only very recent. The species’ apparently small geographical... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Javan Flameback (Chrysocolaptes strictus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/467459 on 25 May 2017).