French: Coucal rufin German: Bengalenkuckuck Spanish: Cucal bengalí
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
C. b. bengalensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – India and Nepal through Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand to Indochina.
C. b. lignator
Swinhoe, 1861 – S & SE China, Hainan and Taiwan.
C. b. javanensis
Dumont de Sainte Croix, 1818 – Malay Peninsula S through Sumatra, Riau and Lingga Archipelagos, Bangka and Belitung to Java, Bali and Borneo, and SW Philippines (Calamian Group, Palawan, Balabac, and Sulu Archipelago).
C. b. philippinensis
Mees, 1971 – Philippines (except Calamians, Palawan and Sulu Is).
C. b. sarasinorum
Stresemann, 1912 – Talaud and Sangihe Is, Sulawesi and Lesser Sundas.
C. b. medius
Bonaparte, 1850 – Moluccas.
Male 31 cm (India), 34 cm and 88 g (Philippines); female 34 cm (India), 38 cm and 152 g (Philippines). Adult black above and below, often with pale streaking, wings pale... read more
In India, double series of notes, “whoot, whoot”, repeated, then series of “kurook, kurook, kurook... read more
Tall grass, reedbeds, swamps and marshlands, bamboo thickets, second-growth forest, open-country... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, including grasshoppers (Acrididae), locusts, crickets, mantids, beetles, Hemiptera, hairy caterpillars, also spiders, lizards (... read more
Breeds in India after onset of rains in Jun, nests May–Sept; in Myanmar nests in the rains, in Malay Peninsula nests Dec–Jul,... read more
Resident. Perhaps only a summer visitor locally, e.g. in Nepal.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. A common resident of open country, if somewhat local in some areas. Rapidly colonizes new habitat where forests are cleared, appearing up to 8 km... read more
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