Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Lesser Sri Lanka Flameback (Dinopium psarodes)


Taxonomy

French: Pic de Lichtenstein German: Rotrückenspecht Spanish: Pito dorsirrojo
Taxonomy:

Picus psarodes

A. A. H. Lichtenstein

, 1793,

southern India; error = Sri Lanka

.

Hitherto considered conspecific with D. benghalense, but here treated as a full species due to (compared with neighbouring race jaffnense) shining scarlet central upperparts shading to dull red on wings vs golden-yellow shading to dull yellow (3); lack of black on carpal (1); overall longer-billed, longer-winged and notably longer-tailed (effect size 2.94, score 2); screechier voice#R (allow 1); narrow hybrid zone in NC Sri Lanka (2). Distinct species status also supported by a phenotypic and genetic analysis#R. Sometimes referred to as erithronothos (or, erroneously, erithronothon), but psarodes has priority. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Sri Lanka (except N).

Descriptive notes

c. 28 cm. Male has forehead and crown black with broad red feather tips, red crest, black nape and hindneck; white supercilium extending to nape, white-streaked black band... read more

Voice

Calls similar to those of D. benghalense, but more screeching, less musical; also gives a... read more

Habitat

Lowland forest, wooded gardens and plantations, to 1500 m.

Food and feeding

Feeds primarily on ants, especially those in genera Camponotus and Meranoplus, and including larvae and pupae of the... read more

Breeding

Season Dec–Sept, mainly Feb–Jun and Aug–Sept; sometimes two broods in a season. Nest-hole in tree at variable height.... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common. Global population not yet quantified, but species reported as being common to locally common throughout its range. Although... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Lesser Sri Lanka Flameback (Dinopium psarodes). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/467464 on 25 May 2017).