Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Lineated Woodpecker (Hylatomus lineatus)


Taxonomy

French: Pic ouentou German: Linienspecht Spanish: Picamaderos listado
Taxonomy:

Picus lineatus

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Cayenne

.

Closely related to H. pileatus and H. schulzii; interbreeds with latter. Hitherto considered conspecific with H. fuscipennis, but differs in its glossy black vs dark brown plumage (3); clear-cut black rather than blurry brown bars on belly (2); larger size (strongest difference in tail, with effect size 4.6, score 2). Large degree of individual variation exists among all populations. Race erythrops, previously regarded as a separate species, is perhaps only a variable morph. Additional described races are obsoletus (Sonora), petersi (Tamaulipas), mesorhynchus (Costa Rica), nuperus (Santa Marta, in N Colombia), improcerus (Bahia, in E Brazil) and fulcitus (Chaco, in Argentina), all considered insufficiently differentiated to be accepted. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. l. scapularis (Vigors, 1829) – W Mexico (S from Sonora).
  • H. l. similis (Lesson, 1847) – E & S Mexico S to NW Costa Rica.
  • H. l. lineatus (Linnaeus, 1766) – E & S Costa Rica to W Colombia and E to Trinidad, the Guianas and NE & E Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia), S to E Peru, N & E Bolivia, N Paraguay and São Paulo.
  • H. l. erythrops (Valenciennes, 1826) – E Paraguay, N & NE Argentina (E Salta, Misiones, Corrientes) and SE Brazil (Espírito Santo and São Paulo S to Rio Grande do Sul).
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 30–36 cm; male 204–217 g, female 186–213 g (lineatus), 150–164 g (similis), male 182–264 g (erythrops). Male has... read more

    Voice

    Call note a loud sharp “pik”; rattle as “kip-whurrr”, “pik-urrr-r-r... read more

    Habitat

    Humid, transitional and moderately dry areas; generally avoids xerophytic areas or marshes, but... read more

    Food and feeding

    Known to consume beetles and their wood-boring larvae, ants (Crematogaster, Camponotus, Azteca) and their brood... read more

    Breeding

    Mar–Apr in Panama, Apr–May in Belize, and Feb–Apr in Trinidad and Suriname; birds in breeding condition in Jan–Feb... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common, and widespread, throughout most of its very large range; uncommon to fairly common in Ecuador and Peru.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Lineated Woodpecker (Hylatomus lineatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56287 on 19 October 2017).