Family Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Least Concern

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus)


Taxonomy

French: Mouette pygmée German: Zwergmöwe Spanish: Gaviota enana
Taxonomy:

Larus minutus

Pallas

, 1776,

rivers of Siberia

.

Previously placed in genus Larus. Apparently most similar to Rhodostethia rosea and Xema sabini, although both of those highly divergent from the hooded gulls. Despite disjunct nature of breeding distribution, geographical variation insufficient to warrant subspecific division. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Scandinavia, Baltic countries and W Russia to W Siberia (between R Ural and R Ob); E Siberia (E from Lena Basin and L Baikal); also sporadically in W & C Europe, and casually in North America. Winters mostly S and W of breeding range in Mediterranean, Black Sea and Caspian Sea, as well as along W Europe and E USA coastlines.

Descriptive notes

25–30 cm; 88–162 g; wingspan 70–78 cm. Three-year gull. The smallest gull; similar in size to Chlidonias terns and shows similar dipping... read more

Voice

Gives a short, hard, nasal "kek", sometimes repeatedly. A rhythmic "kay-ke-kay-ke-kay-ke" is given... read more

Habitat

Coastal areas, lagoons, sandy beaches, mouths of streams and rivers. Breeds mainly inland, from... read more

Food and feeding

Varied; mostly invertebrates, e.g. dragonflies, beetles and midges. Mainly insectivorous when breeding and on migration; presumably eats... read more

Breeding

Lays from late June. Older adults return to colony already paired. Readily colonizes new wetlands and abandons old sites. Breeds in small... read more

Movements

After breeding usually gathers in small flocks, occasionally in large groups of thousands, often... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). The global population is estimated at c.97,000–270,000 individuals. Main breeding range is in C Asia. The European population... read more

Recommended citation

Burger, J., Gochfeld, M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2017). Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/54005 on 22 September 2017).