Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Long-trained Nightjar (Macropsalis forcipata)


Taxonomy

French: Engoulevent à traîne German: Hakenschwanz-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras coludo
Taxonomy:

Caprimulgus forcipatus

Nitzsch

, 1840,

Brazil

.

Specific name has commonly been given as creagra, but forcipata has priority by ten years; contrary to some claims, forcipata has been used regularly in literature during the past 50 years, by Brazilian ornithologists#R#R, and should therefore stand. Monotypic.

Distribution:

SE Brazil from SE Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo S to São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul; also NE Argentina (Misiones) and recently recorded in S Paraguay#R.

Descriptive notes

28–31 cm (excluding outer tail feathers of male, which reach 48–68 cm in length). Sexually dimorphic. Upperparts brown, spotted and barred greyish-brown, tawny,... read more

Voice

Call, given by both sexes, is a repetitive, high-pitched “tsip, tsip, tsip, tsip”.

Habitat

Occurs mainly in forest and woodland, in second-growth forest, and at forest edge; in more N parts... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly studied, but probably feeds on insects. Foraging methods poorly documented. Forages by flying close to trees and taking insects... read more

Breeding

Breeds possibly Nov–Jan in S Brazil; probable courtship recorded in late Sept, in NE Argentina; no data from other regions. Nest-site... read more

Movements

None documented. Possibly sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Previouslyconsidered Near Threatened. Endemic to rainforests of SE Brazil and NE Argentina. Possibly rare to locally common in... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & de Juana, E. (2017). Long-trained Nightjar (Macropsalis forcipata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/55248 on 25 September 2017).